High-rise buildings often face a variety of challenges when it comes to fire protection such as human errors, faulty exit strategies, poor smoke movement, and fire control. The number of people living in high-rise buildings is very high compared to low-rise buildings, and the only way out is in the event of a fire on the stairs. Therefore, the fire safety of high-rise buildings has received a lot of attention around the world.
What are common hazards in high-rise buildings?
High-rise buildings, due to the structural complexity, are very prone to fire hazards if there is no proper planning. Therefore, compared to other types of building construction, the construction of high-rise buildings focuses more on fire emergency concerns. To understand this, the first major need is to study the number of floors in the building under discussion.
The number of floors both above and below the distance should be checked for the same purpose. Firefighting operations are highly dependent on how these standards are identified and labeled on the premises.
Various types of fire systems that can be installed
- Wet Fire Planting Systems
The plumbing system uses automatic sprays connected to the pipeline system which is also connected to the water supply. Water flows quickly from the springs opened by the fire. Only those sprayers that work with heat in the fire will drain the water.
- Dry Pipe Systems
The dry pipeline system uses automatic sprays connected to a pipeline system that contains air or nitrogen under pressure. Upon release, the water flows into the pipeline system and releases only to those sprayers working on the fire. Dry pipe systems are replaced by water pipe systems where the pipes are under cold.
- Special Fire Safety Programs
Special systems are designed to detect and extinguish fires in areas where normal compression systems are inadequate or inadequate.
- Dry Fire Compression Systems
Compressed dry chemicals, used in conjunction with an appropriate detection system, can extinguish a fire before it is detected in the eye, thus protecting resources from injury and businesses from any major disruptions.
Fire safety tips
- Read the sound of your fire alarm.
Make sure everyone in your home knows where to go when a fire alarm goes off and you make your escape plan together.
- Fire exit plan
Your property managers should clearly show the exit plans, where everyone can see them. Some exit plans may require you to go to a “safe place” inside the building and wait for firefighters to monitor your escape.
- Know your building
Know at least two escape routes in every room in your apartment.
- Staying prepared
Count the doors between your living unit and the nearest building exit. You may have to flee from the fire in the dark.
In some high fires, the safest thing to do is to protect yourself from the fire and stay in until the firefighters arrive.
- Get out
Never lock or block fire exits. Keep the waste out of the way. Fire doors not only provide a way out during a fire, but they also reduce the spread of fire and smoke effects. Never lift open fire doors.
Find out who is responsible for maintaining your fire safety systems -Make sure there are no obstructions or other interference in the fire-fighting systems inside or outside your residential units.
- Periodic Testing
Periodic testing is a visual inspection of the equipment to ensure that nothing has changed since the initial construction and installation could affect its performance. The person in charge of the inspection should be well aware of the minute details related to the testing. Any deviations from the ideal state of the equipment should be immediately reported & taken care of.
Proper observation should look at whether structural changes or residential changes will have an impact. A fire alarm light designed and available to distribute light throughout the room may now be out of order due to a redesigned floor plan. Another important consideration is the changing nature of the environment. Extended cooling systems to support large heat loads may produce airflow levels that affect the need to adjust the design space of roof smoke detectors.
- Self Aware
Homeowners should also ensure that visual inspections of equipment include indications of changes such as physical restraint, mechanical control, physical damage, hygiene level, and any other obvious problems that may be detected by the automatic monitoring control panel.
Mega-skyscrapers carry people the size of small towns, and everything that will support them and keep them safe must work well first. Fire in a large mega-shaped building also poses a serious challenge to its engineers, as it is almost impossible to evacuate all residents immediately. Today, architects and engineers who build the world’s tallest buildings focus on keeping the residents safe in the event of a fire.
Lack of fire prevention and detection can not be an excuse for sacrificing innocent lives. Without adequate checks on fire safety, a high-rise building is nothing but a ticking time bomb. As Acufire affirms, we are nothing but a big family. Only when all of us take fire safety and prevention seriously, we make this world a safer place. The potential of fire safety systems and technology has grown exponentially. No structure can be perfect without adequate safety measures in it.